Inspiratory Muscle Fatigue In Trained Cyclists: Effects Of Inspiratory Muscle Training

“This study evaluated the influence of simulated 20- and 40-km time trials upon postexercise inspiratory muscle function of trained competitive cyclists. In addition, it examined the influence of specific inspiratory muscle training (IMT) upon the responses observed.”

Conclusion:

“Data support existing evidence that there is significant global inspiratory muscle fatigue after sustained heavy endurance exercise. Furthermore, the present study provides new evidence that performance enhancements observed after IMT are accompanied by a decrease in inspiratory muscle fatigue.”

Read Inspiratory muscle fatigue in trained cyclists: effects of inspiratory muscle training >

Inspiratory Muscle Training Improves 100 and 200m Swimming Performance

“Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has been shown to improve time trial performance in competitive athletes across a range of sports. Surprisingly, however, the effect of specific IMT on surface swimming performance remains un-investigated.”

Conclusion:

“6 weeks of IMT has a small positive effect on swimming performance in club-level trained swimmers in events shorter than 400m.”

Read Inspiratory muscle training improves 100 and 200 m swimming performance >

Training Inspiratory Muscles Improves Running Performance When Carrying A 25kg Thoracic Load In A Backpack

“This study investigated the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT, 50% maximal inspiratory muscle pressure (PImax) twice daily for six week) upon running time-trial performance with thoracic load carriage.”

Conclusion:

“When wearing a 25kg backpack, IMT attenuated the cardiovascular and perceptual responses to steady-state exercise and improved high-intensity time-trial performance which we attribute in part to reduced relative work intensity of the inspiratory muscles due to improved inspiratory muscle strength. These findings have real-world implications for occupational contexts.”

Read Training the inspiratory muscles improves running performance when carrying a 25 kg thoracic load in a backpack >

Concurrent inspiratory muscle and cardiovascular training improves both perceptions of effort and 5000-m running performance

“This study examined whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT) is a useful additional training aid with which to augment cardiovascular exercise training adaptations.”

Conclusion:

“The addition of IMT to a cardiovascular training programme augments 5000-m running performance but exerts no additional influence over VO2 max compared with a cardiovascular-training group. This is probably due to IMT-induced reductions in perceived effort at high ventilatory rates which is of greater consequence to longer duration time-trial performances than incremental tests of VO2 max.”

Read Concurrent inspiratory muscle and cardiovascular training differentially improves both perceptions of effort and 5000-m running performance compared to cardiovascular training alone >

Locomotor And Diaphragm Muscle Fatigue In Endurance Athletes Performing Time-Trials Of Different Durations

“Fatigue in leg muscles might differ between running and cycling due to inherent differences in muscle activation patterns. Moreover, postural demand placed upon the diaphragm during running could augment the development of diaphragm fatigue.”

Conclusion:

“Diaphragm fatigue likely resulted from the large ventilatory load which is characteristic for both exercise modalities and which was higher in 15TTs than in 30TTs (+27 %, p < 0.01) while postural demand appears to be of less importance.”

Read Locomotor and diaphragm muscle fatigue in endurance athletes performing time-trials of different durations >

IMT Improves Cycling Time-Trial Performance And Anaerobic Work Capacity But Not Critical Power

This study “examined whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improved cycling time-trial performance and changed the relationship between limit work and limit time, which is described by the parameters critical power and anaerobic work capacity.”

Conclusion:

“These data provide novel evidence that improvements in constant-power and cycling time-trial performance following IMT in cyclists may be explained, in part, by an increase in anaerobic work capacity.”

Read IMT improves cycling time-trial performance and anaerobic work capacity but not critical power >

Matt Bottrill – my goal of winning the National 25-mile Champs

All photos courtesy of: Larry at Velouk.net

Matt Bottrill, POWERbreathe user and time trialist, has won the National 25-mile Time Trial Championships in Cumbria! The event he’s always wanted to win.

Here’s his review of his success, in his own words…

“I’ve finally pulled it off National champ for 25 mile’s. The event I’ve always wanted to win. Thanks for all your help and support.

As I write this I still can’t stop smiling, even if I feel like I’ve been run over by a bus. The mental build up and training reaches its climax when you ride a National Championship. And the day after if it’s gone to plan I always feel wasted!!

This weekend after 18 years of trying to win the Blue Ribbon event of time trialing I finally took the top step and reached my dream of winning the Men’s National 25 mile championships. Ever since I turned senior it’s always been my number one target. It’s been a hard road getting here, but I’ve never given up hope that one day I could pull off winning. All the great legends of time trialing have won the race (Alf Engers, Eddie Atkins, John Pritchard, Chris Boardman, Graham Obree, Stuart Dangerfield, Chris Newton, Jason Macyntyre and Michael Hutchison to name but a few) and it’s great to have joined the club with some of the best time trialists that Great Britain has ever produced.

I’ve had so many top 5 places and medals I’ve lost count but to finally pull off the win is a moment in my cycling career I will never forget. It’s fair to say I could quite happily retire tomorrow, and know I’ve done everything I’ve ever set out to do in cycling. It proves that you should never quit no matter how long it takes. Always have the belief that you can reach your dreams. It takes a lot of hard work and commitment but with the right approach, dedication and backing anybody can reach their goals. I’d like to take this opportunity to thank all my Family, Friends, Supporters and Sponsors for all of your support on the journey…”

Now on to the race…

One hundred and twenty riders would take the start. The event was held in Cumbria on some of the most beautiful roads for racing with the scenic views.

The first rider would set off at 8am in torrential rain – the first few riders would get the worst of the conditions. The times being posted where a good indication that it was going to be a really hard day’s racing.

The final 10 rides would set off at 2-minute intervals and it was super Vet Charles McCulloch www.drag2zero.com, 49:58 who’d set a standard so high that only two riders would be able to beat it.

The final few riders came, but no rider would match the time of McCulloch. It was the last two riders to start who would have the greatest battle: Matthew Clinton (Mike Vaughan Cycles) and Matthew Bottrill (www.drag2zero.com) to decide the champion. At just 6 miles it was Bottrill who took charge with a 16 seconds advantage over Clinton and who’d push hard all the way until the finish.

With a winning margin of 41 seconds over the flying Clinton, Bottrill punched the air with joy has he crossed the finish, with a new course record time 48:15 to Clintons 48:56!

Here are the Top 3 Winning Times:

  • 1st Matthew Bottrill (www.drag2zero.com) 00:48:15
  • 2nd Matt Clinton (Mike Vaughan Cycles) 00:48:56
  • 3rd Charles McCulloch (www.drag2zero.com) 00:49:58 We’d like to congratulate Matt on achieving his dream of winning the National 25-mile Championship and on setting another new course record!

Matt is already a multi-national time trial champion and Drag2Zero.com team rider and he’s been using the POWERbreathe K5 with Breathe-Link Software to help improve his breathing strength and stamina and time trial performance.

Training the inspiratory muscles with POWERbreathe should be a part of every time trialist’s training as POWERbreathe has been shown to reduce breathing fatigue and improve cycling time trial performance by approximately 4.6% – the equivalent to slashing 3-minutes off a 40k time trial.

Read more about POWERbreathe breathing training for cyclists, or if you’re a cyclist and are already using POWERbreathe, then please leave a comment here or on the POWERbreathe Forum, Facebook or Twitter as we’d love to hear about how you’ve benefited from this breathing training. You can also read more about POWERbreathe and cycling training in the Blog’s Cycling category.

Another course record for Bottrill, in Nev Crane Memorial 25m time trial

More great news from Matt Bottrill, multi-national time trial champion, Drag2Zero.com team rider and POWERbreathe K5 user, as he breaks his own course record…

On Sunday morning (20th July) 115 riders took part in the Nev Crane Memorial 25 mile time trial in Lincolnshire with the aim of beating last season’s course record of 50:04, set by Matthew Bottrill.

“The event got underway at 8am with dry conditions and just a slight breeze making it ideal for racing.

The early standard was set by Andy Jackson (Team Swift) in an incredible time of 50:36. This was going to take some beating, and so good was his ride that it was well clear of all the other riders, Brett Harwood (Terry Wright Cycles) at 52:28 and Adam Gascoinge (Pedal Power) at 52:36.

With all the riders up on the course, Matthew Bottrill (www.drag2zero.com) took his place on the start line, and with the men’s National 25 just two weeks away it was going to be a real test to see how his current form was. At the halfway point Bottrill was leading by just over 30 seconds, but in the tailwind section Bottrill hit full gas and opened a further 13 seconds on the flying Andy Jackson. This set a new course record of 49:53 with Bottrill beating his own record and winning number 16 for the 2014 season.

Results:

  • 1st Matthew Bottrill (www.drag2zero.com) 49:53 – Setting NEW course record
  • 2nd Andy Jackson (Team Swift) 50:36
  • 3rd Brett Harwood (Terry Wright Cycles) 52:28

Bottrill said about his winning ride, “I’m very satisfied with today’s result. I wanted to see what I could do on the course, and after a really heavy weeks training to still hit 30mph I know my form, it’s nearly at its peak ready for my major goal of the season the Men’s National 25. It’s just a matter of keep the intensity up and staying focused for the next two weeks.

Congratulations to Matt yet again as he continues to go from strength to strength!

Read more about POWERbreathe breathing training for cyclists, or if you’re a cyclist and are already using POWERbreathe, then please leave a comment here or on the POWERbreathe Forum, Facebook or Twitter as we’d love to hear about how you’ve benefited from this breathing training. You can also read more about POWERbreathe and cycling training in the Blog’s Cycling category. 

POWERbreathe user Matt Bottrill rides to 2nd fastest 30-mile time trial ever!

We just had to share this news with you from Matt Bottrill, Champion Time Trialist who began using the POWERbreathe K5 with Breathe-Link Software at the end of April/early May this year (2014).

Matt, on Saturday 12th July, took 1st place in the Mercia CC 30-mile Time Trial in Derbyshire, setting a new course record and the 2nd fastest time ever ridden on U.K. roads!

Here’s an account of that fantastic day…

‘Saturday afternoon, the hottest day of the year so far, hit the East Midlands with hardly any wind making it a great day for racing. Ninety riders gathered in the small town of Etwall, Derbyshire to tackle the Mercia CC 30mile time trial. The Current Competition Record of 55:39 set by Micheal Hutchinson would be the target for the seeded riders and a course record of 57:44 would also be under threat with the quality of the field.

The first rider got underway at 3pm, and indications were that it was going to be a fast day. There would be just three riders to break 1hr barrier for the distance. The first was Matthew Sinclair (Lutterworth Cycle Centre) 59:09. This was then beaten by Matthew Clinton (Mike Vaughn Cycles) who’s ride was so quick it broke the course record in the process 57:37, making his ride the 5th fastest time ever ridden on U.K. roads!

With the majority of the field now home, its was left to Matthew Bottrill (www.drag2zero.com) to see if he could make an attempt at breaking the Competition record of 55:39. With some bumpy roads it would be a hard task, but Bottrill was soon in his stride and just inside 20 minutes for the first 10 miles. Bottrill was in overdrive pushing all the way to finish line in a very rapid 56:15 – second fastest record ever!’

Congratulations Matt on this marvellous result!

POWERbreathe Inspiratory Muscle Training is a valuable addition to time-trial training as in studies POWERbreathe reduced breathing fatigue and improved cycling time trial performance by approximately 4.6% – equivalent to slashing 3-minutes off a 40k time trial.

Read more about POWERbreathe breathing training for cyclists, or if you’re a cyclist and are already using POWERbreathe, then please leave a comment here or on the POWERbreathe Forum, Facebook or Twitter as we’d love to hear about how you’ve benefited from this breathing training. You can also read more about POWERbreathe and cycling training in the Blog’s Cycling category.

A POWERbreathe K5 for Matt Bottrill, Champion Time Trialist

Courtesy of Brian Hall/Aende Photography

Matt Bottrill is a multi-national time trial champion and Drag2Zero.com team rider and he’ll be using the POWERbreathe K5 to help improve his breathing strength and stamina and time trial performance.

Matt is training hard towards the British Time Trial championships in June and has already started the season this year with a record-breaking ride where he shaved a minute off his previous record.

Matt has since gone on to the first round of the National Time Trial Series in Essex where he competed with the country’s other top riders over a distance of 25.5 miles, crossing the line with a new hill climb record and over two-minutes to spare over the competition. He then went on again to smash a course record in Coalville Wheelers 10, winning the 10-mile time trial in 20’50 – 1’25 off the previous record!

Matt’s training with Drag2Zero.com (specialists in cyclist wind tunnel testing and product development) has already proved hugely beneficial, but one area of training that is often neglected in sports training (although less so now as more positive research in favour of IMT is published) is the training of the inspiratory muscles. Stronger inspiratory muscles results in an improved sports performance, a reduction in whole body effort (making exercise feel easier), and faster lactate clearance.

Matt will be training his inspiratory muscles using the POWERbreathe K5 with Breathe-Link Software to exercise and strengthen his inspiratory muscles. In a scientific trial inspiratory muscle training using POWERbreathe reduced breathing fatigue and improved cycling time trial performance by approximately 4.6% equivalent to slashing 3-minutes off a 40k time trial.

Matt will be running a fully UCI compliant position during his racing which requires the rider to adopt the standard positions (support points, tip of saddle behind bottom bracket, position of hands on the handlebars, overall rider position). This means Matt will be racing in the traditional hunched position, which will immediately create breathing problems thanks to the contents of his abdomen being compressed up against his diaphragm, restricting normal movement and making breathing feel much harder. In fact, research has shown that cycling as little as 20km at race pace induces significant fatigue of the inspiratory muscles. POWERbreathe targets the inspiratory muscles, strengthening them by around 30-50% and improving their stamina which in turn will significantly help to eliminate breathing fatigue.

We look forward to receiving news from Matt about his POWERbreathe training and his time trial performance, and after he’s been using the POWERbreathe K5 for about 4-6 weeks, we’ll update you.

Read more about POWERbreathe breathing training for cyclists, or if you’re a cyclist and are already using POWERbreathe, then please leave a comment here or on the POWERbreathe Forum, Facebook or Twitter as we’d love to hear about how you’ve benefited from this breathing training. You can also read more about POWERbreathe and cycling training in the Blog’s Cycling category.