The Influence Of Inspiratory And Expiratory Muscle Training Upon Rowing Performance

“This study investigated the effect of 4 week of inspiratory (IMT) or expiratory muscle training (EMT), as well as the effect of a subsequent 6 week period of combined IMT/EMT on rowing performance in club-level oarsmen.”


“There were no significant additional changes following combined IMT/EMT. IMT improved rowing performance, but EMT and subsequent combined IMT/EMT did not.”

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The Inspiratory Muscle Training In Elite Rowers

“The aim of the investigation was to assess the effects of the resistive inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in elite male rowers.”


“The data obtained corroborate the observations that in well-trained athletes the introduction of the principle of incremental inspiratory resistance allows to improve methodically the inspiratory muscles’ strength. Once the essential period of IMT has been completed, the training volume should be reduced in order to secure the attained level of the inspiratory muscles’ strength.”

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Breathing During Rowing: Don’t Just Do It, Do It Well

After talking a little about the physiology of the respiratory system, Professor Alison McConnell emphasises why a good breathing techniques is at the centre of good rowing technique and explains why respiratory limitations to exercise have achieved newfound credibility within sport science.

Professor McConnell goes on to provide information about how breathing and rowing interact and then looks in more detail at the physiological limits imposed by breathing as well as the lesser know mechanical limitations.

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POWERbreathe Guide for Indoor Rowers

Written for Concept2 Limited by Eddie Fletcher of Fletcher Sport Science in collaboration with Professor McConnell, this guide provides all you need about:

  1. The importance of the breathing muscles to rowing
  2. How to train the inspiratory muscles
  3. Using POWERbreathe as part of the warm-up
  4. Warm-up pace guide

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Acute Cardiorespiratory Responses To Inspiratory Pressure Threshold Loading

“The purpose of this study was to test the acute responses to differing pressure threshold inspiratory loading intensities in well-trained rowers.“


“Although all loads elicited a sustained increase in forced capacity, only the 60% load elicited a sustained rise in mean arterial blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and systolic blood pressure, providing evidence for a metaboreflex response at this load.”

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