Influence Of IMT On Changes In Sleep Architecture In Older Adult

“This project aims to investigate the influence of inspiratory muscle training through the Threshold® on sleep disorders and involved the participation of 38 older adult volunteers of both genders with sleep disorders.”


“Results suggested that inspiratory muscle training can be a good help in the treatment of sleep-related breathing disorders.”

Read Influence of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Changes in Sleep Architecture in Older Adult – Epidoso Projects >

The Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Older Adults

“Declining inspiratory muscle function and structure and systemic low-level inflammation and oxidative stress may contribute to morbidity and mortality during normal ageing. Therefore, we examined the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in older adults on inspiratory muscle function and structure and systemic inflammation and oxidative stress, and reexamined the reported positive effects of IMT on respiratory muscle strength, inspiratory muscle endurance, spirometry, exercise performance, physical activity levels (PAL), and quality of life (QoL).”


“Data indicate that in healthy older adults, IMT elicits some positive changes in inspiratory muscle function and structure but neither attenuates systemic inflammation and oxidative stress nor improves exercise performance, PAL, or QoL.”

Read The Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Older Adults >

Effects Of IMT On Exercise Capacity And Spontaneous Physical Activity In Elderly Subjects

“Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has been shown to improve exercise capacity in diseased populations. We chose to examine the effects of eight weeks of IMT on exercise capacity and spontaneous physical activity in elderly individuals.”


“IMT may be a useful technique for positively influencing exercise capacity and physical activity in elderly individuals.”

Read Effects of inspiratory muscle training on exercise capacity and spontaneous physical activity in elderly subjects: a randomized controlled pilot trial >

POWERbreathe For Older People In Slovenia

POWERbreathe Slovenia, with the kind assistance from Tanja, a physiotherapist at Ljubljana hospital, held two POWERbreathe training sessions for over 100 physiotherapists who’ll be implementing POWERbreathe Inspiratory Muscle Training (IMT) as one of the therapies they’ll be using with the older population within their communities.

Older adults experience a higher intensity of breathlessness than younger people, simply because of advancing years or as a result of illness, but by exercising and strengthening their breathing muscles (their inspiratory muscles) with POWERbreathe, they will learn how to breathe well again.

Research has in fact shown that IMT may be a useful technique for positively influencing exercise capacity and physical activity in elderly individuals.

Why POWERbreathe is ideal for the senior population

  • It’s scientifically proven to reduce breathlessness and restore breathing power
  • Does not involve drugs and has no interactions with other drugs
  • It’s quick and easy to use and effective within 4-weeks
  • It increases breathing muscle strength by 30 – 50%

Other therapies the physio’s will be including is Nordic walking and general exercise to get this more sedentary group moving, with the intention of making savings in the long-term for the health service.

You can view photos taken at the training sessions on POWERbreathe Facebook.

Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Elderly Women

Published in The Journals of Gerontology: Series A (Volume 69, Issue 12Pp. 1545-1553 September 2014)


Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Elderly Women on Respiratory Muscle Strength, Diaphragm Thickness and Mobility


“Aging results in a decline in the function of the respiratory muscles. Inspiratory muscle training is emerging as a possible intervention to attenuate the decline of respiratory muscles in the elderly. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of inspiratory muscle training on respiratory strength, diaphragm thickness, and diaphragmatic mobility in elderly women.”


“Inspiratory muscle training of moderate intensity improves respiratory muscle strength, diaphragm thickness, and diaphragm mobility in elderly women and it should be considered to minimize changes associated with senescence.”*

*Oxford Dictionary definition of Senescence: “The condition or process of deterioration with age.”

Only in October did we publish another blog based on a study that revealed how Respiratory Muscle Strength Reduces with Age and how POWERbreathe Inspiratory Muscle Training can help.

Other Research

In other research, Rush University Medical Centre in Chicago revealed how people with stronger breathing muscles showed higher levels of physical activity and a slower rate of activity decline.1 These findings are consistent with those from another research group showing that physically active older people had stronger breathing muscles than less active older people.2

Breathing muscle strength may also be an important determinant of death in older people, according to another study from the Chicago group who found that older people with a weaker respiratory system tended to have poorer lung function, known to be a contributory factor to survival.4

“Overall, our findings suggest that respiratory muscle strength is at the beginning of a causal chain which can lead to reduced pulmonary function and death.” The authors concluded.

How POWERbreathe can help

POWERbreathe is a breathing muscle trainer, scientifically proven to increase breathing muscle strength by 20% in just 6-weeks, with 65% of participants feeling less out of breath when undertaking everyday activities.3 Training your breathing muscles can help you remain active, which consequently can help you maintain mobility. And as POWERbreathe is drug-free, there’s nothing to lose in training with it.

Whether the benefits of inspiratory muscle training contribute to improvements in life expectancy has yet to be determined. However, since it has no side effects, and takes less than 5 minutes per day to undertake, it’s probably worth giving it a go.

If you found this blog interesting, you may also like to read about this pilot trial: Effects of inspiratory muscle training on exercise capacity and spontaneous physical activity in elderly subjects: a randomized controlled pilot trial.


1. Buchman AS, Boyle PA, Wilson RS, Leurgans S, Shah RC, Bennett DA. Respiratory muscle strength predicts decline in mobility in older persons. Neuroepidemiology 2008;31:174-80

2. Summerhill EM, Angov N, Garber C, McCool FD. Respiratory muscle strength in the physically active elderly. Lung 2007;185:315-20

3. Copestake AJ, McConnell AK. Inspiratory muscle training reduces exertional breathlessness in healthy elderly men and women. In: International Conference on Physical Activity and Health in the Elderly; 1995; Stirling, Scotland: University of Sterling; 1995. p. 150)

4. Buchman AS, Boyle PA, Wilson RS, Gu L, Bienias JL, Bennett DA. Pulmonary function,. Mech Ageing Dev 2008

Read more about Inspiratory Muscle Training Research our our blog and read more about POWERbreathe in Research.

Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training & Yoga Breathing on Frail Older Adults

A research report has just been published in the Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy that looked at the effects of inspiratory muscle training and yoga breathing on respiratory muscle function on impaired older adults.

The report concluded that yoga breathing exercises appeared to be an effective and well-tolerated exercise regimen in frail older adults and may therefore be a useful alternative to inspiratory muscle training, or no training at all, to improve respiratory muscle function in the older population who’re unable to take part in any whole-body training.

Research Report:

Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training and Yoga Breathing Exercises on Respiratory Muscle Function in Institutionalized Frail Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Cebrià I Iranzo MD, Arnall DA, Camacho CI, Tomás JM.

Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy:
doi: 10.1519/JPT.0b013e31829938bb

Whether it’s due to older age, a sedentary lifestyle or a medical condition, any condition that prevents normal physical activity can lead to inspiratory muscle weakness. The phrase ‘use it or lose it’ applies to the inspiratory muscles as much as it does say, to your leg muscles. For instance as we get older we may take the lift as opposed to walking up the stairs, the consequence of which is that our inspiratory muscles get less exercise.

As our inspiratory muscles become weaker we become more breathless. As a result we may avoid doing things that make us breathless and so our inspiratory muscles become weaker still. This weakness can impair lung function but this can be counteracted by inspiratory muscle training with POWERbreathe Level 1 (Light Resistance).

Read more about the respiratory system and breathing facts, including causes of inspiratory muscle weakness, or if you’re already using POWERbreathe to strengthen your breathing muscles which have become weaker due to older age or a sedentary lifestyle, then please leave a comment here or on the POWERbreathe Forum, Facebook or Twitter as we’d love to hear from you. We’ve already heard from 64-year-old Martin about his experience of using POWERbreathe, and you can read about why he came to use it on the POWERbreathe blog.