“Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has been shown to improve time trial performance in competitive athletes across a range of sports. Surprisingly, however, the effect of specific IMT on surface swimming performance remains un-investigated.”
“6 weeks of IMT has a small positive effect on swimming performance in club-level trained swimmers in events shorter than 400m.”
Read Inspiratory muscle training improves 100 and 200 m swimming performance >
“This study investigated the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT, 50% maximal inspiratory muscle pressure (PImax) twice daily for six week) upon running time-trial performance with thoracic load carriage.”
“When wearing a 25kg backpack, IMT attenuated the cardiovascular and perceptual responses to steady-state exercise and improved high-intensity time-trial performance which we attribute in part to reduced relative work intensity of the inspiratory muscles due to improved inspiratory muscle strength. These findings have real-world implications for occupational contexts.”
Read Training the inspiratory muscles improves running performance when carrying a 25 kg thoracic load in a backpack >
Compiled and written by Chris Lord and Professor Alison McConnell, this training protocol provides a series of exercises and ideas on how to get the most out of POWERbreathe, specifically focussing on the demands of Rugby Union. All the techniques and exercises within this training protocol are intended as a guide and can be adapted and tailored to suit the abilities and requirements of the user.
Read POWERbreathe Training Rugby Union Protocols >
Compiled and written by Chris Lord and Professor Alison McConnell, this training protocol provides a series of exercises and ideas on how to get the most out of POWERbreathe, specifically focussing on the demands of running. All the techniques and exercises within this training protocol are intended as a guide and can be adapted and tailored to suit the abilities and requirements of the user.
Read POWERbreathe Training Running Protocols >
“This study investigated the effect of 4 week of inspiratory (IMT) or expiratory muscle training (EMT), as well as the effect of a subsequent 6 week period of combined IMT/EMT on rowing performance in club-level oarsmen.”
“There were no significant additional changes following combined IMT/EMT. IMT improved rowing performance, but EMT and subsequent combined IMT/EMT did not.”
Read The influence of inspiratory and expiratory muscle training upon rowing performance >
“The aim of the investigation was to assess the effects of the resistive inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in elite male rowers.”
“The data obtained corroborate the observations that in well-trained athletes the introduction of the principle of incremental inspiratory resistance allows to improve methodically the inspiratory muscles’ strength. Once the essential period of IMT has been completed, the training volume should be reduced in order to secure the attained level of the inspiratory muscles’ strength.”
Read The inspiratory muscle training in elite rowers >
After talking a little about the physiology of the respiratory system, Professor Alison McConnell emphasises why a good breathing techniques is at the centre of good rowing technique and explains why respiratory limitations to exercise have achieved newfound credibility within sport science.
Professor McConnell goes on to provide information about how breathing and rowing interact and then looks in more detail at the physiological limits imposed by breathing as well as the lesser know mechanical limitations.
Read Breathing during rowing: don’t just do it, do it well >
Written for Concept2 Limited by Eddie Fletcher of Fletcher Sport Science in collaboration with Professor McConnell, this guide provides all you need about:
- The importance of the breathing muscles to rowing
- How to train the inspiratory muscles
- Using POWERbreathe as part of the warm-up
- Warm-up pace guide
Read POWERbreathe Guide for Indoor Rowers >
“Specific inspiratory muscle training (IMT) has been shown to significantly attenuate the fall in arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) during exhaustive exercise while breathing a hypoxic gas mixture of 14% oxygen. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of IMT on resting oxygen saturation over a range of altitudes in healthy individuals.”
“IMT can attenuate the fall in resting oxygen saturation, but only at altitudes of 4880m and above. Conversely, IMT had no effect on resting levels of dyspnea as measured by the Borg Score.”
Read Inspiratory Muscle Training, Altitude, and Arterial Oxygen Desaturation: A Preliminary Investigation >
“The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on exercise in hypoxia (H) and normoxia (N)”.
“Data suggests that IMT significantly improves structural and functional physiologic measures in hypoxic exercise.”
Read Effects of inspiratory muscle training on exercise responses in normoxia and hypoxia >