Combined aerobic/IMT vs. aerobic training in patients with chronic heart failure

This article published in the European Journal of Heart Failure was published online in March 2014.


Combined aerobic/inspiratory muscle training vs. aerobic training in patients with chronic heart failure.


Vent-HeFT is a multicentre randomized trial designed to investigate the potential additive benefits of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on aerobic training (AT) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).”


“Forty-three Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) patients were randomized to an Aerobic Training/Inspiratory Muscle Training (AT/IMT) group or to an AT/SHAM group in a 12-week exercise programme. Aerobic Training involved 45 min of ergometer training at 70–80% of maximum heart rate, three times a week for both groups. In the AT/IMT group, Inspiratory Muscle Training was performed at 60% of sustained maximal inspiratory pressure (SPImax) while in the AT/SHAM group it was performed at 10% of SPImax, using a computer biofeedback trainer for 30 min, three times a week.”


“This randomized multicentre study demonstrates that Inspiratory Muscle Training (IMT) combined with aerobic training provides additional benefits in functional and serum biomarkers in patients with moderate Chronic Heart Failure. These findings advocate for application of IMT in cardiac rehabilitation programmes.”

For more details about this randomised trial, visit

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