Combined IMT & EMT Improves Respiratory Muscle Strength & Fatigue in MS

The Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation published an ‘Article in Press’ that looked at determining the effects of a short duration of combined inspiratory and expiratory progressive respiratory muscle training (RMT) on respiratory muscle strength, fatigue, health-related quality of life and functional performance in individuals with mild-to-moderate MS (Multiple Sclerosis).

Results showed an increase in maximal inspiratory pressure and expiratory pressure and that RMT improved fatigue.

The study concluded that a short duration of combined RMT improved inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength and reduced fatigue in patients with mild-to-moderate MS.

A Combined Inspiratory and Expiratory Muscle Training Program Improves Respiratory Muscle Strength and Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis

Andrew D. Ray, P.T., Ph.D. , Supriya Udhoji, OTR/L, M.S., Terry Mashtare, Ph.D., Nadine M. Fisher, Ed.D.

Abstract

Objective
To determine the effects of short duration, combined (inspiratory and expiratory), progressive resistance respiratory muscle training (RMT) on respiratory muscle strength, fatigue, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and functional performance in individuals with mild-to-moderate Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

Interventions
Training was a 5-week combined progressive resistance RMT program, 3 days/week, 30 min/session.

Conclusions
A short duration combined RMT program improved inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength and reduced fatigue in patients with mild-to-moderate MS.

Read the full Abstract.

In another study it concluded that “Inspiratory Muscle Training (IMT) significantly increased inspiratory muscle strength and resulted in generalized improvements in expiratory pulmonary function in persons with Multiple Sclerosis who have minimal to moderate disability. Future studies are needed that focus on the long-term effects of IMT with increased resistance and the impact it has on increasing pulmonary function and functional performance.”

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