Preoperative IMT for postoperative pulmonary complications

Intervention Review

Preoperative IMT for postoperative pulmonary complications in adults undergoing cardiac and major abdominal surgery

The objective of this Intervention Review from the Editorial Group: Cochrane Anaesthesia, Critical, and Emergency Care Group, was to assess how effective Inspiratory Muscle Training (IMT) proved to be in adults with postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) undergoing cardiac or major abdominal surgery.

CONCLUSIONS:

The authors “found evidence that preoperative IMT was associated with a reduction of postoperative atelectasis, pneumonia, and duration of hospital stay in adults undergoing cardiac and major abdominal surgery. The potential for overestimation of treatment effect due to lack of adequate blinding, small-study effects, and publication bias needs to be considered when interpreting the present findings.”

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